Process Servers for New York City:
Queens, Brooklyn, Manhattan and Bronx.
Tel.: 718-277-2968             Fax: 347-295-0244
Tel.: 718-345-0244
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Here is a list of New York courts affected by the Coronavirus pandemic outbreak:

  • Supreme Court of the State of New York
  • Family Court of the State of New York
  • Civil Court of the City of New York
  • Surrogate's Court of the State of New York
  • United States District Court
  • Small Claims Court
  • New York State Surrogate's Court
  • New York State Court of Claims
  • New York Court of Appeals
  • New York State Department of Labor

List of Essential Workers Allowed to Work in New York After March 20, 2020.

Essential health care operations, including:

research and laboratory services
walk-in-care health facilities
emergency veterinary and livestock services
elder care
medical wholesale and distribution
home health care workers or aides for the elderly
doctor and emergency dental
nursing homes, or residential health care facilities or congregate care facilities
medical supplies and equipment manufacturers and providers

Essential infrastructure, including:

utilities including power generation, fuel supply and transmission
public water and wastewater
telecommunications and data centers
transportation infrastructure such as bus, rail, or for-hire vehicles, garage
hotels, and places of accommodation

Essential manufacturing, including:

food processing, manufacturing agents, including all foods and beverages
medical equipment/instruments
sanitary products
household paper products

Essential retail, including:

grocery stores including all food and beverage stores
convenience stores
farmer’s markets
gas stations
restaurants/bars (but only for take-out/delivery)
hardware and building material stores

Essential services, including:

trash and recycling collection, processing and disposal
mail and shipping services
building cleaning and maintenance
child care services
auto repair
warehouse/distribution and fulfillment
funeral homes, crematoriums and cemeteries
storage for essential businesses
animal shelters

News media

Financial Institutions, including:

services related to financial markets

Providers of basic necessities to economically disadvantaged population, including:

homeless shelters and congregate care facilities
food banks
human services providers whose function includes the direct care of patients in state-licensed or funded voluntary  
programs; the care, protection, custody and oversight of individuals both in the community and in state-licensed residential
facilities; those operating community shelters and other critical human services agencies providing direct care or support

Construction, including:

skilled trades such as electricians, plumbers
other related construction firms and professionals for essential infrastructure or for emergency repair and safety purposes


defense and national security-related operations supporting the U.S. Government or a contractor to the US government

Essential services necessary to maintain the safety, sanitation and essential operations of residences or other
essential businesses, including

law enforcement
fire prevention and response
building code enforcement
emergency management and response
building cleaners or janitors
general maintenance whether employed by the entity directly or a vendor
automotive repair

Vendors that provide essential services or products, including logistics and technology support, child care
and services:

technology support for online services
child care programs and services
government owned or leased buildings
essential government services

The ESDC guidance further provides that, “With respect to business or entities that operate or provide both essential and
non-essential services, supplies or support, only those lines and/or business operations that are necessary to support the
essential services, supplies, or support are exempt from the restrictions.”

If your business is not listed above, but you believe that it is essential, then you may submit a request to the ESDC that your
business be designated “essential.”  Businesses that only have a single occupant/employee (i.e. gas stations) are deemed
exempt and need not submit a request to be designated as an essential business.  In addition, businesses that were
previously ordered to close under earlier guidance placing restrictions on any gathering with 500 or more participants are
ineligible to request that they be designated “essential.”.
Licensed and bonded process server for The City of New York. Official Process Server License # 2067123
Real Life Process Service Is Not What You See on T.V. and Movie Theatres. Process service is a serious matter.

Process service in New York is not effected in the same manner as seen on T.V. shows and films such as "Serving Sara" and "WorkedUp".
Process servers are professionals who must respect rules and must follow procedures, without using tricks or "shortcuts".

Non-traditional manners of service such as service of process by fax, service of process by text, service of process through email or through
social media are
unacceptable manners of service in New York unless expressly ordered by the court. The main purpose of service of process is
to ascertain that all parties involved in a legal case be duly informed of the pending legal proceedings and receive  the order to show cause,  
notice to appear, summons, citation, court judgment, court order, court decision, subpoena or any court document intended for said individuals
or business entities.

Generally the word "process" refers to a subpoena, writ of summons, civil summons, citation, subpoena, court order, judgment, or notice to
appear.  A process server is a person engaged in the activity of delivering legal process to individuals or corporations. Process serving in New
York City may be effected only by a licensed process server if the person engaged in process service serves more than five cases per year.  
Process server licenses are issued by the New York City Department of Consumers Affairs for two year periods. Long Island and Upstate New
York do not require process servers to be licensed.

Contrary to widely held popular beliefs wrongly promoted by newspapers, film and television,
service of process must not be effected by using
(E.g. : Disguising yourself as a nun and serving the evasive priest who is hiding in church or announcing yourself as the pizza delivery guy
in order to get the defendant to open the entrance door of his home). Additionally,
process  servers are not required to obtain the servees'
signatures in order to complete service.
 Many defendants believe that if they do not "sign for" the papers being served, service was not effected
but that is not correct.

It is common practice for certain process servers to still misrepresent who they are (or use somewhat unethical tricks) in order to effect service of
process.  Regardless of how they view it, pretending to be a flower delivery person with a bouquet of roses for defendant "Jane Doe" with divorce
papers concealed under those flowers and serving her with those divorce papers at a moment when she is smiling upon seeing those  flowers
beats common sense and ethical standards. It does not matter whether Jane Doe is evading those divorce papers. She should not be deceived.
Service upon said individual must be properly effected by informing her of the documents being served and by not concealing those documents.
Process servers must be truthful at all times and they must not misrepresent who they are. Click here to read more about
NY Process Serving

Process Serving Methods Used in New York State:

Personal Service. It is the best service  because the named defendant/respondent receives the court documents in hand. Most divorce
summonses and petitions, Family Court visitation petitions, custody petitions and orders of protection must be served in person.

Substituted Service. If the named defendant is not present, it is acceptable to serve process upon a person of suitable age and discretion who
resides at the defendant place of abode or who is authorized to accept process on behalf of said defendant. Matrimonial cases and Family Court
Visitation/Custody cases
may not be served in this manner but Child Support petitions, landlord/tenant cases and civil summonses and
complaints may be served by using this method.

Conspicuous Place Service.  If the defendant resides at the address provided but refuses to open the entrance door to his home to accept
process, in most cases, a Notice to Tenant, Demand for Payment of Rent, Notice of Petition Non-payment, Notice of Petition Holdover, Summons
and Complaint may be served upon said defendant by affixing it on the entrance door of said premises. True copies of the pleadings affixed must
be also be mailed by regular mail. In some cases both regular mail and certified mail are required to complete service. Conspicuous Place
Service, Service by Mail and Service by Publication should be regarded as forms of Substituted Service.

Service by Mail. In some cases , New York  courts will only require that service of process be effected by mailing true copies of the summons
and complaint by regular mail or by certified mail or both. In some cases, postal service return receipt service is also required. This manner of
service must be expressly authorized by the court. Examples of papers served by this method are Orders to Show Cause and  Small Claims
Court Notice of Claim (In New York City, the Small Claims Court usually mails the notices on your behalf).

Service by publication. As a last resort, service of process by publication is acceptable, if ordered by a judge, when personal service or
substituted service cannot be completed. For example for a defendant whose last known place of abode was in the City of New York and the
process server has attempted service at said address multiple times and issued an affidavit of attempted service (due diligence affidavit), a court
may order that the summons be published by a major newspaper which circulates in the City of New York.  This manner of service is the most
expensive because publishing a summons on a New York City newspaper (Usually the court decides which newspaper you must use) may cost
you from $800-$4000.

We Are Different When Serving Papers in the City of New York.
We are forthright and follow all the rules...That makes us different  from other NY process servers when serving process in New York City.

*Service Guarantee.
Service of process is guaranteed. We will issue a full refund of your non-rush process service fee IF you provided the Respondent's correct
address BUT we failed to effect service AND you do not require an affidavit of due diligence.
This guarantee does not apply to rush service
assignments and stakeouts. No refunds will be issued for used stakeout time, if yo do not answer our email or do due follow up regarding
your case within a period of 30 days or more, if you cancel service unilaterally or for rush service jobs even if the job was not completed.
Within 2-5 business days, our registered legal process servers will serve your court papers.  Then we
will issue a duly notarized
affidavit of service (Service Return) for you to bring to Court. Said affidavit
of service will be sent to your home, office or directly to the said court.
New York City Process Server Lic. # 2067123.
New York City Process Server Lic. # 2067123.
.Coronavirus and Legal Service
of Process in New York. Process
Servers and Law Firms are
Essential Business, Says New
York State Government. New
Rules and Unexpected Changes.
In the middle of one of the biggest health crisis in
United States, New York process servers, lawyers,
and other legal professionals have been deemed
"Essential Business" by Empire State Development.

As COVID-19 virus continues to spread in New York State, many New York City
attorneys, paralegals, process servers, court reporters and other legal
professionals are wondering whether they should return to work. Will there be
any normalcy after the Coronavirus outbreak? Is it OK to continue working
although New York State Governor Mario Cuomo issued an executive order
called "PAUSE" directing all non-essential workers to stay home? Are NY legal
workers essential? Although attorneys and process servers were not originally
listed as "essential business", the Empire State Development has clarified that
process servers are essential business in an email sent to the National
Association of Professional Process Servers dated March 25, 2020. The
governor wants only "essential workers" reporting to their workplaces, as
instructed in the executive order signed on March 20, 2020:
Executive Order
New York  process server serving process
From interviewing several New York attorneys, New York City process servers, upstate New York process servers, New
York City marshals and other legal professionals, we have learned that previously there was no clarification for New York
lawyers regarding whether they are "essential workers". Do attorneys, process servers, paralegals and other legal
professionals fall under the category of "law enforcement" ? (Law enforcement workers are considered "essential
workers" according to the executive order). The governor has not openly stated that attorneys and other legal service
professionals have a green light to continue working, although the Supreme Court of the State of New York has stated
Essential Proceedings must continue. If process servers are "essential business" then all legal professionals should
proudly say:
"We are essential workers".

Common sense would suggest that ALL of us should be staying home because of COVID-19, except "essential workers"
(Listed Below). Here is a listed of legal service providers who should be considered "essential workers in New York" and
who should be listed in the New York State executive order as "essential workers":

  • Criminal Defense attorneys. Who will represent defendants in the Supreme Court of the State of New York  
    Criminal Part if criminal defense attorneys are not available?

  • New York City Housing Court lawyers. Many cases are still open in New York City Housing Courts but if we do not
    have lawyers to represent tenants and landlords in illegal lockout cases, emergency orders to show cause,
    emergency applications, etc, it will be the Wild West out there with slum landlords and irresponsible tenants.
    Naturally the most vulnerable will suffer.

  • Guardianship attorneys. Who will protect the elderly from ambitious relatives who want to grab their real estate?
    Pending guardianship proceedings where an elderly or incompetent person is victimized must not be suspended;
    therefore attorneys for all parties are essential

  • Court translators. Translators are needed in an international city like New York City. Translators are essential in
    criminal court and in civil court.

  • Process servers and marshals. Who will serve the emergency order to cause if all New York process servers
    choose to comply with the New York governor's executive order? Who will serve all legal papers in emergency
    proceedings in Civil Court of the City of New York and the Supreme Court of the State of New York if New York
    process servers are not listed as essential workers?

  • Court secretaries

  • Stenographers

  • Court reporters

  • Paralegals

  • Court messengers

  • Court clerks

On March 22, 2020, the Supreme Court of the State of New York listed a group of
essential proceedings  in its "Essential
Proceedings Administrative Order AO/78/20". Said proceedings must continue regardless of the governor's executive
Said proceedings are not only for criminal law enforcement; therefore civil law attorneys, process servers,
paralegals, court reporters and other law professionals are required. If these proceedings are considered "essential",
why didn't the Governor order that the above professionals who will be needed in these proceedings be deemed as
"essential legal workers" in New York State?"

Essential Legal Proceedings Which Require Essential Legal Workers in New York.

A.   Criminal matters      
1.  arraignments      2.  bail applications, reviews and writs      3.  temporary orders of protection      4.  resentencing of
retained and incarcerated defendants      5.  essential sex offender registration act (SORA) matters
B.    Family Court of the State of New York.      
1.  child protection intake cases involving removal applications      2.  newly filed juvenile delinquency intake cases
involving remand placement               applications, or modification thereof      3.  emergency family offense
petitions/temporary orders of protection      4.  orders to show cause      5.  stipulations on submission
C.    Supreme Court of the State of New York      
1.  Mental Hygiene Law (MHL) applications and hearings addressing patient retention or    release      2.  MHL hearings
addressing the involuntary administration of medication and other            medical care      3.  newly filed MHL applications
for an assisted outpatient treatment (AOT) plan      4.  emergency applications in guardianship matters      5.  temporary
orders of protection (including but not limited to matters involving       domestic violence)      6.  emergency applications
related to the coronavirus      7.  emergency Election Law applications      8.  extreme risk protection orders (ERPO)
D.   Civil Court of the City of New York and Other Civil Courts Regarding Housing Matters    
1.  applications addressing landlord lockouts (including reductions in essential services)      2.  applications addressing
serious code violations      3.  applications addressing serious repair orders      4.  applications for post-eviction relief
E.   All Other Courts      
1.  any other matter that the court deems essential      

This list of essential proceedings is subject to ongoing review. Indeed after we published this article New York State has
confirmed that
assume that all legal services in New York, including law firms, paralegals, court reporters, court clerks are
also essential businesses.

Here is the email sent to the NYSPPSA from the Empire State Development on March 25, 2020, confirming that process
servers are "essential business":

Becker, Zachary (ESD) <>Wed, Mar 25, 2020 at 11:15 AMTo: Jason Tallman
<>, "Watroba, Chelsey (ESD)" <>

Mr. Tallman,I’m sorry for taking so long to reply to this.  I just received an email from our legal team to advise you that
Process Servers are deemed as an essential business.  Please feel free to share.

Zach Becker
Economic Development Program Specialist III
Empire State Development
620 Erie Blvd W, Syracuse, NY 13204(315) 793-6390 |
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